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Command Terms

Page history last edited by Jay 7 years ago

Level 1 Objectives

A student meets level 1 objectives when they, “Demonstrate an understanding of: scientific facts and concepts, scientific methods and techniques, scientific terminology, and methods of presenting scientific information.” These objectives will be tested using the “command terms” listed below:

 

Define

Give the precise meaning of a word, phrase or physical quantity

Draw

Represent by means of pencil lines.

Label

Add labels to a diagram.

List

Give a sequence of names or other brief answers with no explanation.

Measure

Find a value for a quantity.

State

Give a specific name, value or other brief answer without explanation or calculation.


Level 2 Objectives

A student meets level 2 objectives when they, “Apply and use: scientific facts and concepts, scientific methods and techniques, scientific terminology to communicate effectively, and appropriate methods of presenting scientific information.” These objectives will be tested using the “command terms” listed below:

 

Annotate

Add brief notes to a diagram or graph.

Apply

Use an idea, equation, principle, theory or law in a new situation.

Calculate

Find a numerical answer showing the relevant stages in the working (unless instructed not to do so).

Describe

Give a detailed account.

Distinguish

Give the differences between two or more different items.

Estimate

Find an approximate value for an unknown quantity.

Identify

Find an answer from a given number of possibilities.

Outline

Give a brief account or summary.

Ie. identify major points


Level 3 Objectives

A student meets level 3 objectives when they, “Construct, analyse and evaluate: hypothesese and research questions and predictions, scientific methods and techniques, and scientific explanations.” These objectives will be tested objectively in the summative exams using the “command terms” listed below and, unlike objectives 1 and 2 above, level 3 objectives are also embedded in the “internal assessments,” which you will do throughout the two year program.

 

Analyse

Interpret data to reach conclusions. 

In other words, use data/information in problem to produce explanation (viz. mechanism/ cause-effect relationship) based on data/ evidence

Comment

Give a judgment based on a given statement or result of a calculation.

Compare

Give an account of similarities and differences between two (or more) items, referring to both (all) of them throughout. [Note: often contrasts/differences earn more credit than similarities; emphasize differences - unless the question directs you toward similarities.]

Construct

Represent or develop in graphical form.

Deduce

Reach a conclusion from the information given.

Derive

Manipulate a mathematical relationship(s) to give a new equation or relationship.

Design

Produce a plan, simulation or model.

Determine

Find the only possible answer.

Discuss

Give an account including, where possible, a range of arguments for and against the relative importance of various factors, or comparisons of alternative hypotheses.

Evaluate

Assess the implications and limitations.

Explain

Give a detailed account of causes, reasons or mechanisms.

Predict

Give an expected result.

Show

Give the steps in a calculation or derivation.

Sketch

Represent by means of a graph showing a line and labelled but unscaled axes but with important features (for example, intercept) clearly indicated.

Solve

Obtain an answer using algebraic and/or numerical methods.

Suggest

Propose a hypothesis or other possible answer.

 

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